In QuickBooks a Sales Receipt is a form to simultaneously record credits increases) to the accounts associated with the Items entered on the Sales Receipt and a single, offsetting debit to either the Undeposited Funds account (if that preference is selected) or another user-selected account, which must be either a Bank, Accounts Receivable, or Other Current Asset account. It’s typically used when a customer pays in full at they time they receive a firm’s goods or services. Because Items can be associated with liability accounts (such as a current liability account for customer deposits), sales receipts can also be used to record funds received from customers that increase a firm’s liabilities.
Recording a Sales Receipt is accessed on the Customers->Enter Sales Receipts menu selection. It’s similar to the Create Invoices function in that it can record a sale transaction, but unlike an unpaid invoice, which is sent to an Accounts Receivable account and increases a customer’s outstanding balance, the Sales Receipt is paid in full and doesn’t change the customer’s balance.
When a Sales Receipt is saved, a credit to the account associated with each item is recorded for the amount of that line item. In the example below, the account associated with the Item “Upfront Deposit” will be credited $1000. A single, offsetting debit is recorded in an asset account, depending on your setting for the Use Undeposited Funds as a default deposit to account preference. For more information, see our article on setting the Undeposited Funds preference.
If that preference is checked, the Enter Sales Receipt form will appear similar to the one below. You won’t be asked in which account the single debit should be recorded, because it will automatically be recorded in the Undeposited Funds account.
On the other hand, if that preference is turned off, you can select the asset account to which the debit is recorded, provided that the asset account is either a Bank, Accounts Receivable, or Other Current Asset account.
Here’s a saved Sales Receipt in the transaction list for a customer in the Customer Center:
The Transaction Journal can report the debits and credits made by QuickBooks for the Sales Receipt recorded. The Transaction Journal can be displayed by clicking the Journal button on the Enter Sales Receipts form or clicking Ctrl + Y while that form is open.